New Publication in ACM TiiS: Does this Explanation help? Designing Local Model-agnostic Explanation Representations and an Experimental Evaluation using Eye-Tracking Technology
- Date: 12.07.2023
The ACM Transactions on Interactive Intelligent Systems has accepted the paper co-authored by Miguel Meza Martinez, Mario Nadj, Moritz Langner, Peyman Toreini, and Alexander Maedche for publication in the Special Issue on Human-Centered Explainable AI.
The paper is online available here: https://dl.acm.org/doi/10.1145/3607145
Title: Does this Explanation help? Designing Local Model-agnostic Explanation Representations and an Experimental Evaluation using Eye-Tracking Technology
In Explainable Artificial Intelligence (XAI) research, various local model-agnostic methods have been proposed to explain individual predictions to users in order to increase the transparency of the underlying Artificial Intelligence (AI) systems. However, the user perspective has received less attention in XAI research, leading to a (1) lack of involvement of users in the design process of local model-agnostic explanations representations and (2) a limited understanding of how users visually attend them. Against this backdrop, we refined representations of local explanations from four well-established model-agnostic XAI methods in an iterative design process with users. Moreover, we evaluated the refined explanation representations in a laboratory experiment using eye-tracking technology as well as self-reports and interviews. Our results show that users do not necessarily prefer simple explanations and that their individual characteristics, such as gender and previous experience with AI systems, strongly influence their preferences. In addition, users find that some explanations are only useful in certain scenarios making the selection of an appropriate explanation highly dependent on context. With our work, we contribute to ongoing research to improve transparency in AI.